WHAT IS THIS AND HOW DOES IT OCCUR?
Bearing the weight of the entire body, the foot is under tremendous stress. In many sports, the foot absorbs tremendous shearing and loading, sometimes reaching over 20 times the person’s body weight. Although foot injuries can occur from a variety of causes, the most common cause is trauma.
Other causes include:
• rapid or improper warm-up,
• intense workouts,
• improper footwear,
• playing on hard surfaces.
COMMON CAUSES OF FOOT PAIN – WHAT DAMAGE HAS HAPPENED?
Dislocations of the foot are uncommon but potentially incapacitating injuries. The mechanism of injury may vary from a simple fall to a major motor vehicle accident (MVA). The foot is a complex structure, and injuries often occur in patients who sustain multiple trauma.
Toe fracture: Each toe is made up of several bones. One or more of these bones may be broken (fractured) after an injury to the foot or toes. Approximately 10% of all fractures occur in the 26 bones of the foot.
Turf toe: Is an acute injury that involves forced extension of the first MTP joint (big toe) as the classic mechanism of injury. This results in a sprain of the first MTP joint. Symptoms include pain and stiffness at the big toe joint and difficulty running or changing directions.
Peroneal tendon subluxation/dislocation: Typically present as acute pain and swelling that is centered behind the outer ankle bone. These symptoms can be caused by an ankle sprain. Athletes usually complain of snapping and sudden sharp pain when changing directions or pushing off with the foot.
Overuse injuries: Otherwise known as cumulative trauma disorders, are described as tissue damage that results from repetitive demand over the course of time. The term refers to a vast array of diagnoses, including occupational, recreational, and habitual activities.
Metatarsalgia: Is a common overuse injury described as pain in the forefoot that is associated with increased stress over the metatarsal head region. Stress fracture. Refers to the failure of the skeleton to withstand less than maximal forces over time.
Stress fractures: Are estimated to account for up to 16% of all injuries that are related to athletic participation; running is the cause in most of these cases. Most stress fractures (95%) involve the lower extremities, particularly the metatarsals.
PATIENT INFORMATION AND RESOURCES FOR FOOT PAIN